Different types of evaluations

    *Formative
    *Summative
    *Process
    *Outcomes
    *Impact

Formative

    Definition
    *Evaluates a program during development in order to make early improvements
    *Helps to refine or improve program

    Uses
    *When starting a new program
    *To assist in the early phases of program development

    Examples
    *How well is the program being delivered?
    *What strategies can we use to improve this program?]

Summative

    Definition
    *Provides information on program effectiveness
    *Conducted after the completion of the program design

    Uses
    *To help decide whether to continue or end a program
    *To help determine whether a program should be expanded to other locations

    Examples
    *Should this program continue to be funded?
    *Should we expand these services to all other after-school programs in the community?

Process

    Definition
    *Determines if specific program strategies were implemented as planned
    *Focuses on program implementation

    Uses
    *To determine why an established program has changed over time
    *To address inefficiencies in program delivery of services
    *To accurately portray to outside parties program operations (e.g., for replication elsewhere)

    Examples
    *Did your program meet its goals for recruitment of program participants?
    *Did participants receive the specified number of service hours?

Outcomes

    Definition
    *Focuses on the changes in comprehension, attitudes, behaviors, and practices that result from programs activities
    *Can include both short and long term results

    Uses
    *To decide whether program/activity affect participants outcomes
    *To establish and measure clear benefits of the program

    Examples
    *Did your participants report the desired changes after completing a program cycle?
    *What are the short or long term results observed among (or reported by) participants?

Impact

    Definition
    *Focuses on long term, sustained changes as a result of the program activities, both positive/negative and intended/unintended

    Uses
    *To influence policy
    *To see impact in longitudinal studies with comparison groups

    Examples
    *What changes in your program participants’ behaviors are attributable to your program?
    *What effects would program participants miss out on without this program?

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