Objectives VS Learning outcomes

‘Objectives’ are what you try to achieve. There are different types of ‘objectives’. Taking a swimming course as an example, the following explains how each type of objectives differs from a ‘learning outcome’:
‘Students will be able to swim with breast stroke and free style’ is a ‘learning outcome’. It is written from students’ perspective and specifies the competences to be demonstrated by students.
‘Students will learn to swim with breast stroke and free style’ is a ‘learning objective’ written from students’ perspective. But it is still not a learning outcome because ‘ learn to swim’ only prescribes a process of learning instead of specifying the result of learning.
‘The course will develop students’ techniques of breast stroke and free style’ is a ‘teaching objective’ which explains what the teacher intends to do. But what the teaching will do not necessarily result in learning outcomes of the students.
‘The course will teach breast stroke and free style’ is a ‘teaching objective’ which only lists the content to be taught (breast stroke and free style). This is the farthest from a learning outcome as it gives no consideration to the students at all.

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