Seven Laws of Learning
Creating effective training cannot be done without consistently reminding yourself of the seven laws of learning.
A) Law of Reinforcement:
Individuals learn to repeat behaviours that are rewarded.
Make sure that learning activities provide several opportunities for earning rewards.
Clearly associate the reward with the response.
Praise and recognise your learners.
B) Law of Emotional learning:
Events that are accompanied by intense emotions result in long-lasting learning.
Boredom is not conducive to learning.
Training games, simulations, and role-plays add an emotional element to learning, but make sure that emotions don’t become too intense and interfere with learning.
Debrief learners after emotional activities to analyze their feelings and learn from their reac¬tions.
C) Law of Active Learning:
Active responding produces more effective learning than passive listening or reading.
Intersperse lectures and reading assignments with active learning episodes such as quizzes and puzzles.
Provide learners with ample opportunities to respond by asking questions, encouraging them to ask questions, answering their questions, and questioning their answers.
D) Law of Practice and Feedback:
Learners cannot master skills without repeated practice and relevant feedback.
Don’t confuse understanding a procedure with ability to perform it.
Invest ample time in conducting activities that provide repeated practice and feedback. Make sure that the training activities incorporate immediate and useful feedback from peers and experts.
Use rating scales, checklists, and other devices to ensure that the feedback is objective and useful.
E) Law of Previous Experience:
New learning should be linked to (and build upon) the experiences of the learner.
F) Law of Individual Differences:
Different people learn in different ways.
Use training activities that accommodate a variety of learning styles.
Make sure that learners can respond by writing, speaking, drawing, and acting out.
Encourage and permit learners to learn individually, in pairs, and in teams.
Through team learning activities, ensure that learners receive individual atten¬tion from their peers.
Use a variety of scoring systems to encourage different learning styles.
G) Law of Relevance:
Effective learning is relevant to the learner’s life and work.
Use simulations and role plays to increase the link between the learning situ¬ation and the real world. Incorporate realistic problems and challenges from a variety of workplace situations.
After a training activity, debrief the learners and discuss strategies for applying what they learned in the game to their real world context.