Steps in Learning Needs Analysis:

Design – Conduct – Analyse

Design
When designing the learning needs analysis, the aim is to:

Assess the current situation

    *Define the problem – what gaps exist?
    *Determine if there is a need for training/learning
    *Determine what is driving this need for training/learning
    *Evaluate existing training
    *Assess the possible learning solutions
    *Ascertain information about logistical considerations/constraints

Conduct

The following methods, or a combination of these methods, can be used:

Interviews

    *Focus group – a small group is selected to represent the interests of the larger group and a group interview is then conducted
    *Questionnaires
    *Follow-up surveys from previous students
    *Observation
    *Action Research

Ensure the culture and context of the respondents is taken into consideration, e.g. questionnaires may not be appropriate for learners with limited literacy levels. It is important to use open ended and descriptive questions that will elicit information. Pilot the questionnaires/ interview forms that have been devised so as to ensure sufficient information is received, as this will allow for revision if necessary.

Analyse
Gather the information and sort it into categories that help you identify themes/topics that need to be addressed.

What topics/issues can be prioritised?

    *Which, if any, elements are common to all responses?
    *Are there any inconsistencies in the responses?
    *Are there any numerical values of relevance?
    *Is there a fit between the trends emerging and the capabilities of the learning provider?

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