Types of feedback
Feedback is sometimes distinguished from feedforward.
- *Feedback is intended to explain how a final grade was assigned
*Feedforward is made earlier in the process and is intended to point student in the right direction for completion.
However, there’s nothing that says you can’t include both types of information in any comments you make. Even grade-related comments are useful if they help the student to understand what to learn from the current assignment and how to do better in the next one.
In a similar way, feedback can also be distinguished as either formative or summative:
- *Formative feedback is diagnostic information given before the work is completed. Like feedforward, it is intended to help the student revise and improve the work.
*Summative feedback is a final analysis of the work, on which final grades are based. It can also point toward improving future work of the same type.